- Born–October 2, 1869
- Barrister at Law – England – 1888-1891
- South Africa–Fight Color Bar–1893-1914
FREEDOM STRUGGLE IN INDIA
- Champaran Movement – 1917
- Kheda Satyagraha – 1918
- Rowlatt Act – 1919
- Dandi Kuch(March) against SALT TAX – 1930
- Quit India Movement-1942
- India Gains Freedom – August 15, 1947
- Assassinated – January 30, 1948
Timeline of Gandhi’s Life
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi born in Porbandar in Gujarat.
South Africa–Fight Color Bar
Mohandas Gandhi in Transvaal, South Africa leads 2,500 Indians into the in defiance of a law, they are violently arrested, Gandhi refuses to pay a fine, he is jailed, his supporters demonstrate. On November 25,Natal police fired into the crowd, killing two, injuring 20.
Mohandas K. Gandhi, 37, speaks at a mass meeting in the Empire Theater, Johannesburg on September 11 and launches a campaign of nonviolent resistance (satyagraha) to protest discrimination against Indians. The British Government had just invalidated the Indian Marriage.
South Africa–Fight Color Bar
Mohandas Gandhi in Transvaal, South Africa leads 2,500 Indians into the in defiance of a law, they are violently arrested, Gandhi refuses to pay a fine, he is jailed, his supporters demonstrate. On November 25, and Natal police fire into the crowd, killing two, injuring 20.
Returns to India
Mohandas Gandhi returns to India at age 45 after 21 years of practicing law in South Africa where he organized a campaign of “passive resistance” to protest mistreatment by whites and defense of Asian immigrants. He attracts wide attention in India by conducting a fast – the first of 14 that he will stage as political demonstrations that will inaugurate the idea of the “political fasting”, also called “fast unto death”, or also variously called “political hunger strike” by some.
Dandi Kuch(March) against SALT TAX
Gandhi starts a civil disobedience campaign against the British in India on March 12. The All-India Trade Congress has empowered Gandhi to begin such demonstrations. Gandhi leads a 165-mile march to the Gujarat coast of the Arabian Sea and produces salt by evaporation of sea water in violation of the law as a gesture of defiance against the British monopoly in salt production.
Fast unto death
Gandhi begins a “fast unto death” to protest the British government’s treatment of India’s lowest caste “untouchables”. Gandhi called them “God’s
children or Harijan” Gandhi’s campaign of civil disobedience landed him in prison, but he persisted in his demands for social reforms. He urged boycott of British goods, and after 6 days of fasting obtains a pact that improves the status of the “untouchables” (Dalits).
India Gains Freedom
India becomes free from 200 years of British Rule. A major victory for Gandhian principles and non-violence in general.
Gandhi is assassinated by Nathuram Godse, a Hindu fanatic at a prayer meeting.